They find the remains of the ‘Endeavour’, the ship with which James Cook explored the Pacific and added Australia to the British crown
The ship Endeavor, with British captain James Cook, was found deep off the northeast coast of the United States.
HMB Endeavour has been found! After 22 years of fieldwork, Director & CEO @KevinSumption announces that the remains lies in Newport Harbor, RI, USA.
Explore what role this vessel played in exploration & science: https://t.co/Ly5jSGL2CV
📸 Zak Page & James Hunter #FindingEndeavour pic.twitter.com/5op5XEYW9b
— Australian National Maritime Museum (@seamuseum_) February 3, 2022
“This is the final resting place for one of the most important and controversial ships in Australian maritime history,” the museum’s director said in a statement.
Since 1999 they have been searching for the famous ship among the 18th century shipwrecks recorded in the area.
Experts have confirmed with “archaeological and archival evidence” that the Endeavor, of which only about 15% of its structure remains, is located north of Goat Island, in Newport Bay, in the state of Rhode Island.
The analysis of the structures that are preserved in the documents of the archives and the archaeological remains revealed that this ship was sunk in 1778 the War of Independence of the United States.
The ship, which was launched in 1764 under the name “Earl of Pembroke” and christened in 1768 as ”
During the tour that Captain Cook’s ship made between 1768 and 1771 through the Pacific he disturbed the transit of the planet Venus in Tahiti, located in French Polynesia, as well as made maps of the Australian and New Zealand east coast.
But in addition to his search for “the great southern land”, Captain Cook declared Australia a “terra nullius” (no man’s land) on August 22, 1770 and planted the British flag, which later gave way to the colonization of the territory.
The ship was later baptized as “Lord Sandwich” after being sold to private hands and in 1776 she transported British soldiers who were going to fight against the independence side.
In 1778, the ship was deliberately sunk, along with four other ships, by British forces during the war, while Cook died in 1779 in Hawaii, during his third voyage across the Pacific.