Five Deeps Expedition
The deepest points of the 5 oceans
The Five Deeps Expedition was the first to reach the deepest point in each of Earth’s five oceans: the Puerto Rico Trench in the Atlantic, the South Sandwich Trench in the Southern Ocean, the Java Trench in the Ocean. Indian, the Challenger Deep in the Pacific and Molloy. Deep in the Arctic.
The Five Deeps Expedition covered 47,000 nautical miles / 87,000 km in 10 months completing 39 dives.
Around 50 scientific lander deployments were carried out in conjunction with the submersible dives.
No human being had ever been to the bottom of the trenches of Java, Puerto Rico South Sandwich. No one had ever been to the bottom of Molloy Deep
No manned submersible had been to Challenger Deep more than once.
No one had ever been to the top of Mount Everest and also to the bottom of the ocean at Challenger Deep, which happened on this expedition.
Scientists after a meticulous investigation with the Five Deeps Expedition reached the conclusion of the deepest points of the 5 oceans. The investigation lasted months for this group of scientists to have definitively these key data for the first time. Using a more precise technique, the expedition mapped the depths of the Antarctic, Arctic, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific seas.
This is how they measure the seabed more accurately according to the Five Deeps Expedition
After examining the seas with the most assertive measurable technique, they concluded the deepest areas in the different seas. In the Indian Ocean, two points deeper south-west of Australia are known to be a fracture zone. While off the coast of Indonesia there is a section that belongs to the Java Trench confirming the latter as the winner in number of meters.
Using Five Deeps this area is even lower than the initial data of 7,187 meters. On the other hand, entering the Antarctic Ocean they discovered a deeper point that they call it Factorian Abyss, this depression is located at 7,432 meters. According to Five Deeps, this discovery is in the South Sandwich Trench in the far south.
To the north of this last pit there is another point of greater depth called the Meteor Abyss with a depth of 8,625 meters. But because it is on the dividing lines of the Antarctic Ocean according to its southern latitude, it was technically declared part of the Atlantic Ocean. While in the depths of the Atlantic is the Brownson Abyss specifically in the Puerto Rico Trench at 8,378 meters.
Deepest points in the Pacific and at a general level according to the Five Deeps Expedition
In the Pacific Ocean there are two trenches that are relatively similar in depth, the Horizon Abyss and the Challenger Abyss. In the Tonga Trench the Horizon is located with an examined depth of 10,186 meters but this is not the deepest. While the Challenger is in the Mariana Trench and according to Five Deeps it has the record of 10,924 meters.
Victor Vescoso, the adventurous and financial leader
This adventurer was also a former reservist for the US Navy and broke records by entering the most rugged places in these 5 oceans. Víctor Vescoso became the first man in history to descend into the Molloy Abyss on August 24, 2019, reaching 5,551 meters. Simultaneously at the time that Vescoso established this mark, scientists were doing their thing by recording the salinity and temperature of the water at all levels.
A valuable and crucial information that was carried out with a key tool the Pressure Drop echo sounder and corrected in addition to the reading of the measurements. It is so much the level of precision of the Five Deeps Expedition and its data that its margin of error is + 15 and -15 meters.
This information collected will be key for navigation in the first instance and for executing the laying of submarine pipelines and cables in the future. Likewise, it will serve for the conservation of fisheries, and the most important thing about this is that it can be predicted how climate change and sea level influence.